Doctor Eston Wenger

Dec 10, 2020 | From the Desk of Dr. Eston Wenger of Premier Surgical Cleveland

3 Common Types of Vein Diseases

Veins are like little flexible pipes that return blood from all over your body back to your heart. Just like any part of your body, veins can become diseased. While there are many types of vein disease, a few are more common than others. Read on below to learn about 3 common types of vein diseases and their symptoms.


Varicose Veins

These are veins that are near the skin with deficient valves. The valves in your veins help the blood flow to the heart and prevent backflow. When these valves get diseased, they may become varicose. Some symptoms of vein disease, in this case, are: visual misshapen veins usually occurring in your legs, you may also have heaviness, discomfort, or itchiness associated with the vein, it may be indented or raised on your leg. There is usually no underlying reason you developed varicose veins, but at times they can be severe. You can treat them by decreasing your weight, living an active lifestyle, and using compression stockings. In some cases can be corrected if there are cosmetic issues as well. If you notice a misshapen vein it could be a symptom of vein disease so you should speak with your doctor.

Deep vein thrombophlebitis (DVT)

This vein disease is due to a blood clot in the deep veins of your legs, but can also occur in your arms. This vein disease can be severe and life-threatening so if you have the following symptoms of vein disease you need to go to an emergency room. If you notice one leg is swollen, tender, and/or red after a long drive or increased immobility after a surgery, illness, or injury you need to contact your doctor immediately. If you have risk factors like prior clots, you’re a smoker, take birth control, or have a disease that makes your blood clot more easily you are at a higher risk of this vein disease. If you are worried you have a DVT it is important that you reach out to a medical professional immediately because the clot can travel to your lungs or heart causing tissue death, or in rare cases, a stroke.


Chronic Venous Insufficiency

This vein disease is when multiple valves in your veins are dysfunctional resulting in the pooling of blood in your legs. Symptoms of vein disease with chronic venous insufficiency are tight, swollen legs, with discoloration. You may notice you have wounds that are harder to heal on your legs. You may also notice pain, itchiness, or discomfort when you exercise and that it goes away when you rest. Risk factors for this vein disease are being overweight, pregnancy, multiple varicose veins, trauma or injury to the leg, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, family history, history of blood clots in your legs. Treatment for this vein disease may include compression stockings, exercise and weight loss plans, and medications to help with underlying conditions. If you are concerned that you have a vein disease called chronic venous insufficiency it is important to discuss with your doctor.


While these are common causes of vein disease and their symptoms, there are many more. If you have concerns about your veins because you have some of these symptoms of vein disease or risk factors mentioned, be sure to make an appointment with Vein Specialists Dr. Eston Wenger of Premier Surgical Associates in Cleveland, TN. Call (423) 472-5423 or CLICK HERE to request an appointment online!


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